041 Scolymus hispanicus L.
Nome comune: Cardogna comune; Scolimo; Cardaburdue
Scolymus hispanicus (Common Golden Thistle or Spanish Oyster Thistle) is a flowering plant in the genus Scolymus in the family Asteraceae, native to southern and western Europe, north to northwestern France.
It is a herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall, with spiny stems and leaves. The flowerheads are bright yellow to orange-yellow, 2–3 cm diameter
Since at least the time of Theophrastus in ancient Greece, this plant has been known for medicinal and culinary uses. Although it has been cultivated at times, currently most of the plant which is consumed comes from harvesting of wild plant.. It's usually cooked in porridges, salads, soups of with scrambled eggs in Andalusia, Spain, where it is called tagarnina. In the Greek island of Crete a variety called askolympros (as????µp???) or goula (????a) has its leaves eaten boiled and it's roots eaten boiled or fried by the locals.